Older Film Technology Allows HD Remastering of Old Reruns

The growing demand for High Definition Television sets creates some difficulties in regards to finding programming to see on them. Some tv suppliers have taken the initiative to create new programming in High Definition. This is apparent in several recently offered High Definition stations like HDNet which supplies accessibility to traveling programs, and special occasions, concerts, documentaries, news all in High Def. As do Ultra HD, Gallery HD, and Rush HD Equator HD and Discovery HD Theatre both create initial content in High Definition. Several other stations like Kung Fu HD feature and Creatures HD remastered older films for their content. Although most of these films likely were not intentionally filmed in the High Definition format, the fact that they’ve the wide screen 16:9 aspect ratio needed for High Definition and were filmed in a high resolution so that the pictures would be kept on a big display, makes them perfect for High Definition programming.

We see a possible issue though when folks begin to discuss remastering old television shows, like Star Trek and Gilligan’s Island, to satisfy with High Definition conditions. The fact they have a lesser resolution than High Def needs is not much of a trouble- presumably it’d not be impossible to go in and add more detail to the image on the pixel by pixel amount. The difficulty comes from the fact that all those old shows had a 4:3 aspect ratio designed to fit regular standard televisions. that are definition It is simple to turn a 16:9 aspect ratio into a 4:3 aspect ratio. It is done on a regular basis and that is what is meant by the statement you frequently see when you view a video cassette of a picture: “This picture was altered from it’s first variant. It’s been reformatted to fit your display.” When a 16:9 film is reformatted, that means that the 16:9 image has been compressed so that everything and everyone in the image seems unnaturally tall and lanky, or the left and right side of the image have been chopped off so that it’ll fit on the display. The latter is more common, although some DVD players will do the former mechanically. The other option would be to show the whole 16:9 image on the 4:3 screen and black out the top and the underside so that it keeps it’s original format and all the pictures keep their correct percentages.

The thought that someone might try to make a 4:3 picture to fill up a 16:9 display is even more troubling. Possibly it’d be possible to digitally stretch the image to take up the whole display, but that would make everything seem even more foolish than the same procedure described previously. It’d also be possible to show the picture with 4:3 proportions on a 16:9 screen and black out the fresh left and right of the screen, but that would defeat the purpose of High Definition. Why not chop off the top and or the underparts of the the 4:3 picture and have what is left over take up the whole 16:9 display? This answer is of course unacceptable because it wouldn’t permit us to see Gilligan’s hallmark hat or Mr. Spock’s pointy ears!

The Technologies For Harnessing Solar Energy

In a time when renewable energy resources are being developed in a worldwide attempt to reduce the dangerous effects we’re having on our planet, solar energy is a popular resource being captured in many forms to reduce our dependence upon electricity. Solar power is focused in four major technologies which are competing for supremacy in its uses through the world. These solar improvements comprise Solar thermal, Targeted photovoltaic, Thin film photo voltaics, and Crystalline photo voltaics. Each has specific restrictions and great potential but their borders are widening as their specific technology improvements.

Solar Thermal includes solar energy to gather to an extreme degree that can heat water to boiling point. The resulting steam is subsequently used to drive turbines. A main disadvantage of solar energy is the consistent supply of sunshine to the power system. Cloud cover and night fall reduces solar supply, meaning that even in the brightest areas there is no promise of solar energy supply. Solar thermal technologies have improved to bypass this restriction by: 1) Using molten salt to keep the sun’s heat overnight, then converting it to steam then powering the turbines long after the sun has set, or 2) through integration of a biomass or even fossil fuel generator to power the turbines when weather conditions aren’t ideal to be solar produced. Solar thermal energy enthusiasts also insist that desert, despite high overhead and equipment prices solar thermal farms assure to be much more economical than PV systems.

Focused Photo Voltaic is a newer technology using mirrors to focus the beams of the sun on to PV cells. Supporters assert it’s about 25 per cent efficacy and a high field durability. This arrangement is perfect for areas with higher temperatures like desert areas and lots of sunshine. On the down side, it’s not efficient at converting indirect light into energy and therefore not appropriate for places widely used to lots of cloud cover. Concentrator panels consist primarily of glass and aluminum, while the PV cells can be gallium indium-established so building of the technology isn’t always reliant on silicon supplies that are now extended. Supporters claim it’s already comparatively price competitive, creating energy at less than 15 US cents per watt. This technology also will not use water, additionally making it appealing for desert climates.

Crystalline Photo Voltaics The most cost efficient and widespread use of solar energy is arguably through use and the development of Crystalline PV panels. These panels are generally found in commercial and residential rooftop facilities, and are widely used for decentralized setups, house generation. These silicon-based solar panels that were crystalline stay the most popular use that was solar, although newer technologies are rapidly developing and gaining ground. The production costs of the PV panels stay lower despite concerns affecting the supply of silicon which will drive up prices later on than newer technologies. Field specialists suggest otherwise saying that manufacturing companies joined with improving production techniques, consider costs should continue to drop in the long term and are steering to keep control over their silicon supply chains.

The panels, appearing as black squares that are uniform, are favored for rooftop installations. They can be trusted for about 20 years and are becoming a popular residential and commercial use. They’re more space efficient than their thin film solar panel counterparts and their supporters insist that if installed in climate and the correct location, payback spans are offered by them over five years. This program has been available for over 30 years and production costs continue to reduce.